Jesuit General Lorenzo Ricci’s Sordid Background

Don’t Believe The Fairy Tales You Read In History Books

Founders in pocket of Jesuits from the outset

By Greg Szymanski

In my last article I mentioned former Jesuit General, Lorenzo Ricci, orchestrated the American Revolution and was the brains behind the formation of this country, giving marching orders to the Founders.

Research in this area by supposed esteemed historians is greatly lacking or perhaps purposely covered up.

Who do you think controls what stories, how fanciful and fictitious they may be, in our university history books?

Of course, it’s the Vatican and the Jesuits through their lay work force in organizations like the Knights of Malta, Knights of Columbus and media moguls like Rupert Murdock, a Knight loyal to the Pope.

However, I found some interesting background on Ricci by Australian Frank O’Collins. In his research the American story is not addressed and states Ricci was imprisoned behind Vatican walls and died in 1775.

However, it is my contention this is untrue and a ruse.

I believe his death was orchestrated by the Vatican so he could work clandestinely to create a safe haven for the Pope in the New America.

Investigation in this area needs sorely needs to be addressed and if anyone would like to participate please contact me because most historical scholars  in this country cannot be trusted and simply print fairy tales.

Here is some background on Ricci to get you started. Although it says he died in 1775, like I said I don’t believe it because I don’t believe anything reported that goes on behind the Vatican walls.

BACKGROUND BY O’COLLINS

Ricci had been born in Florence in 1703 and had entered the Society fifteen years later. He had taught Rhetoric, Philosophy, and Theology in Siena for six years, was Secretary of the Society for two years, and the revered Spiritual Director of the students at the Roman College.

At the unforeseen death of Father Centurione after less than two years, Father Giovanni Antonio Timoni, the Vicar General, called for a General Congregation— the nineteenth—to begin on May 9, 1758. On May 21 Trinity Sunday the election was held and the Fathers elected 55-year-old Lorenzo Ricci, the Secretary of the Society, as General. He was elected by over half the votes on the second ballot.

Upon the first year of his leadership, in 1758 the minister of Joseph I of Portugal (1750–77), the Marquis of Pombal, expelled the Jesuits from Portugal, and shipped them en masse to Civitavecchia, as a “gift for the Pope.”

In 1760, Pombal sent home the papal nuncio and recalled the Portuguese ambassador. The pamphlet titled the Brief Relation, which represented the Jesuits as having set up an independent kingdom in South America under their own sovereignty, and of tyrannizing the Native Americans, all in the interest of an insatiable ambition and avarice. In truth, the massive slave plantations of the Jesuit missions had become fabulously valuable assets and the Portuguese wanted the money.

In France, the Parlement de Paris, with its strong upper bourgeois background and Jansenist sympathies, opened the pressure to expel the Jesuits from France in the spring of 1761, and the published excerpts from Jesuit writings, the Extrait des assertions, provided anti-Jesuit ammunition. Though a congregation of bishops assembled at Paris in December 1761 recommended no action, Louis XV of France (1715–74) promulgated a royal order permitting the Society to remain in the kingdom, with the proviso that certain essentially liberalizing changes in their institution satisfy the Parlement with a French Jesuit vicar-general who should be independent of the general in Rome.

To the arrêt of August 2, 1762, by which the Parliament suppressed the Jesuits in France, imposing untenable conditions on any wishing to remain in the country, Clement XIII replied by a protest against the invasion of the Church’s rights, and annulled the arrêts. Louis XV’s ministers could not permit such an abrogation of French law, and the King finally expelled the Jesuits in November 1764.

The seizure of the Jesuit wealth by King Louis XV of France presented both a threat and an opportunity for the Pope. Securing a promise by Jesuit Superior General Lorenzo Ricci that he would allocated some of their wealth back to the Vatican, in January 7, 1765 he issued the Papal Bull Apostolicum pascendi which dismissed the accusations against the Jesuits and by default called for their property to be returned.

In 1767 the Jesuits were expelled from their own plantations and missions in Mexico. By 1768 the Jesuits had been expelled from France, the Two Sicilies and Parma. In Spain, they appeared to be safe, but Charles III of Spain (1759–88), aware of the drawn-out contentions in Bourbon France, decided on a more peremptory efficiency. During the night of April 2–3, 1767, all the Jesuit houses of Spain were suddenly surrounded, the inhabitants arrested, shipped to the ports in the clothes they were wearing and bundled onto ships for Civitavecchia.

The Papal Estates themselves were now in danger and so in January 1769 Pope Clement XIII called for a consistory in order to disband the Jesuits, including the preparation of a Papal Bull for the pronouncement. But on February 2, 1769 the night before the Bull to disband the Jesuits was due to be promulgated, General Lorenzo Ricci had the Pope murdered.

The death of Pope Clement XIII was Jesuit trained Cardinal Giovanni Ganganelli elected as Pope Clement XIV (1769-1774) after a four month long Conclave. Yet in order to secure the votes of the Cardinals and the approval of the Royal courts, he was forced to secretly sign an agreement that during his Papacy he would disband the Jesuit order.

In July 1773, Pope Clement XIV signed the order Dominus ac Redemptor to disband the Jesuits and their churches and assets were seized. In exchange, Pope Clement was given back Avignon and Benevento to the Papal states for services rendered to the Royal houses.

The suppression took General Ricci completely by surprise but before he could retaliate, he was arrested on August 17 and imprisoned at Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome. But on September 22, 1774 Ricci successfully had Pope Clement XIV assassinated at the age of 68.

Ricci remained imprisoned and died there on November 24, 1775 after 15 years as General.

However, Ricci’s imprisonment and death and the Letter of Suppression did not bring the desired end of the Society. The Letter was valid only in those countries where it was officially promulgated.

Frederick of Prussia recognizing the value of the Jesuits as educators refused to promulgate the Brief. So, too, Catherine II of Russia forbade its promulgation for the some of the same reasons. At first, some Jesuits became parish priests and continued to teach in the Jesuit Colleges as before.

Since they were recognized legally as Jesuits in those two countries, the Fathers in White Russia called a General Congregation—The First in White Russia. They elected as Vicar General the 53-year-old Father Stanislaus Czerniewicz. He was a leading Jesuit of the Province and was Rector at the College at Polotsk.

With both Papal acquiescence and Royal approval the Jesuits continued to live and work as Jesuits. Catherine encouraged them to open a Novitiate and paid no heed to other governments who opposed what she did in her own realm.

Stanislaus Czerniewicz died on July 7, 1785 and the Fathers called the Second Congregation of White Russia to elect a successor. They elected as Vicar General Father Gabriel Lenkiewicz on September 27. He held the office until he died on November 10, 1798. The Third Congregation in White Russia was held early in 1799 and on February 1 Father Franz Xavier Kareu was elected Vicar General. But, in a Papal brief dated 1801 it was permitted that the General Superior would no longer be designated as Vicar General, but with the title of General as was held before the Suppression. Kareu died on July 30, 1802.

By 1800 there were over 200 Jesuits in Russia and many others scattered about Europe-officially linked to the Jesuits who were subjects of the Tsar.

After Father Kareu’s death the 4th General Congregation in Russia was held in Poland and on October 10 the delegates elected Father Gabriel Gruber as General of the now fully vital Society. On March 26, 1805 his residence caught fire and Father Gruber was burned to death. The Congregation designated as the Fifth in White Russia was held in Poland and on September 2 elected Thaddeus Brzozowski, a 65-yearold Pole, as General.

Subsequently, the Society was restored to the world by the Papal letter “Solicitudine Omnium Ecclesiarum” on August 14, 1814.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s